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Capsicum is a vegetable that makes our kitchen shelves and refrigerators colourful. They are made available in a wide range of colours such as green, red and yellow. Capsicum is called by different names in different places. Known as Chilli pepper, bell pepper and red or green pepper, the vegetable is widely used as a spice, medicine and of course, a vegetable. Capsicum tastes great when mixed in curries. It supplies the curries with a colourful look of savour. It is also rich in nutritional value and is also associated with numerous health benefits.


  • Carotenoids (Capsanthin, Capsorubin, Carotene and Lutein): In humans, carotenoids such as beta-carotene are a precursor to vitamin A, a pigment essential for good vision, and carotenoids can also act as antioxidants. People consuming diets rich in carotenoids from natural foods, such as fruits and vegetables, are healthier and have lower mortality from a number of chronic illnesses.
  • Proteins: The use of protein as a fuel is particularly important under starvation conditions as it allows the body's own proteins to be used to support life, particularly those found in muscle
  • Fats: They are an important part of the diet of many forms of life, serving both structural and metabolic functions.
  • Vitamin A: Also called retinol, helps your eyes adjust to light changes when you come in from outside and also helps keep your eyes, skin and mucous membranes moist. It also has antioxidant properties that neutralize free radicals in the body that cause tissue and cellular damage.
  • Vitamin C: Also known as ascorbic acid, helps to heal wounds, prevent cell damage, promote healthy gums and teeth, and strengthen the immune system. It also helps the body absorb iron. Recent research has indicated that vitamin C may be associated with delayed aging and disease prevention by destroying 'free radicals'-the molecules associated with aging and cell damage.
  • Vitamin E: It acts as a powerful antioxidant by neutralizing free radicals in the body that cause tissue and cellular damage. Vitamin E also contributes to a healthy circulatory system and aids in proper blood clotting and improves wound healing.
  • Vitamin B1: Also known as thiamin, helps fuel your body by converting blood sugar into energy. It keeps your mucous membranes healthy and is essential for nervous system, cardiovascular and muscular function.
  • Vitamin B2: Also called riboflavin, works with other vitamins in the B complex to process calories from carbohydrates, protein and fat. Your body needs it for growth and red cell production, and adequate riboflavin intake promotes healthy skin and good vision.
  • Vitamin B3: Also called niacin. Like all the B-complex vitamins, it is important for converting calories from protein, fat and carbohydrates into energy. But it also helps the digestive system function and promotes a normal appetite and healthy skin and nerves.

Health & Nutrition Benefits of Eating Capsicum 
  • Beneficial to the mucous membranes, eyes and skin
  • Helps wards off infection
  • Promotes cardiovascular health, by helping lower blood pressure
  • Has antioxidant properties that neutralize the free radicals responsible for damaging tissue and cells
  • Has anti-inflammatory properties
  • Helps reduce cholesterol and thus, is effective in warding off strokes and heart attacks
  • Speeds up the metabolism and helps burn more calories
  • Good for treating colds and fevers
  • Stimulates stomach secretions and improves digestion
  • Lowers triglycerides
  • Has a laxative effect
  • Triggers the release of endorphins
  • Good for diabetics